In vitro Antifungal Activity of Menta Piperita Extract Against Venturia inaequalis

Authors

  • Muhammad Idrees Muhammad University of swabi
  • Zwili Huma
  • Noria Bibi
  • Syed Muhammad Mukarram Shah
  • Aamir Javed
  • Muhammad Ibrahim

Keywords:

Menta piperita, extracts, antifungal, Venturia inaequalis

Abstract

Apples are edible fruit and are a good source of fiber and vitamin C. They also contain polyphenols, which may have numerous health benefits. Apple is susceptible to a wide range of diseases, including Apple scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis. The fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis is the agent of the scab disease of apple, Plant extracts with fungicidal effects include an extract of mint (mentapipreta). Mint contains compounds with fungicidal effects against scab ascospores. Mint, of the Lamiaceae family were chosen as experimental materials. The aim of the study was to investigate the antifungal effects of medicinal plant extracts obtained by grinding method, against the fungus Venturia inaequalis. The inhibition of the fungus mycelium growth was evaluated under in vitro conditions at the doses of plant extract of 5 %, 10 %, 15 %, 20 %, and 25 %, a total of 3 isolates were processed for this purpose. The samples were inoculated on PDA media. After the end of 7 days incubation period, colony diameters were measured and % inhibition zone ratios were calculated compared to the controls. The reduction effects of mint were greater than the controls. Mint, extract reduced the mycelium growth of B1-017, N8-017 and P7-017 in varying degrees, however; the highest antifungal effect was observed at 20 % and 25% doses of mint extract and showed a significant fungicidal effect on them and they could be used as fungicides in integrated and biological control of the apple scab, considered the most serious diseases of apple (Malus domestica) worldwide and it was concluded that mint extract can be an alternative method in the control of V. inaequalis.

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Published

2022-09-07

How to Cite

Muhammad, M. I., Huma, Z. ., Bibi, N. ., Muhammad Mukarram Shah, S. ., Javed, A. ., & Ibrahim, M. (2022). In vitro Antifungal Activity of Menta Piperita Extract Against Venturia inaequalis. Phytopharmacology Research Journal, 1(2), 24–37. Retrieved from https://www.ojs.prjn.org/index.php/prjn/article/view/18